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APA Style, 6th Ed. Print Page

APA Manual, 6th ed.

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). (2010). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Available at the libraries.

cover of ALA publications manual


    What's a DOI?

    Some database articles may include a DOI, a Digital Object Identifier, a unique number that is assigned to an entity that is available on a digital network. The DOI allows networks to keep track of objects such as electronic journal articles, even when the objects are moved from one Internet location to another.  

    When an article contains a DOI, APA style allows for the inclusion of the DOI at the end of your citation. Here's an example of an APA citation that uses a DOI:

    Wainberg, M. (2009, March 17). Criminalizing HIV transmission may be a mistake. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 180(6), 688-688. doi:10.1503/cmaj.090249


    APA Style Central

    • APA Style Central
      Designed to help faculty and students develop their writing and professional research skills, APA Style CENTRAL combines sophisticated learning and teaching tools, advanced writing and content management technology, and full integration of APA's best-selling Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association® to create an unparalleled web-based suite of integrated services and tools.

    APA Style Guide to Electronic References, 6th ed.

    Recently-published update to the 6th edition APA Manual. Includes expanded examples for electronic sources.

    Download the APA Style Guide to Electronic References

    Access the APA Style Guide to Electronic References

    License Restrictions: Non-commercial use only. Each authorized JFK user may download a single personal copy.

    Citation Generators on the Web

    There are a number of websites that will help you format your citations in the various styles. You should always double-check the results you get, as the results are good places to start but not necessarily correct.

    • Son of Citation Machine
      Citation machine helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information that they use. Its primary goal is to make it so easy for student researchers to cite their information sources, that there is virtually no reason not to
    • KnightCite
      KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College. This service simplifies the often tedious task of compiling an accurate bibliography in the appropriate style by formatting the given data on a source into a reliable citation, eliminating the need to memorize minute details of style for multiple kinds of sources. The service is provided free of charge.
    • BibMe
      The fully automatic bibliography maker that auto-fills. An easy way to build a works cited page. And it's free.
    • Bedford Bibliographer  
      This Web-based application from the author of The Bedford Researcher makes it easy for students to: collect and organize sources; create virtual source cards; write annotations and source evaluations; save text from electronic sources; and generate bibliographies in MLA, APA, CSE, and Chicago Styles.
    • NoodleTools Express
      Just need one or two quick citations? No need to log in or subscribe -- simply generate them in NoodleTools Express and copy and paste what you need into your document.

    APA Style Printable Guides

    Useful Websites

    • APA Format for Word - in 4 Minutes
      Quick guide - yes, really just 4 minutes! - to setting up the running head, title page, page margins, paragraph spacing and references list entries using Word 2016.
    • OWL at Purdue APA Guide
      Excellent guide to all aspects of APA style, as well as a great deal of information about writing clearly and well.
    • APA Style
      This online guide to using APA style is published by the American Psychological Association, and provides useful tutorials on using APA style.

    Database Citations

    Many of our online databases will help you format your citations. You should always double-check the results you get, as the citations often need some clean-up. Here are instructions for a few of our most popular databases.

    EBSCO databases (e.g., Psychology Database Collection) - When you click the title of an article, there are icons at the top of the page for "Print," "E-mail" "Save as File," and "Cite this article"; each of these choices gives you an option to include a citation in the MLA, APA, or Chicago style.

    ProQuest databases (e.g., ProQuest Research Library) - When you have displayed an article, click the "Cite this" link at the top.


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